Nucleotide-pair substitution,  Silent mutationMissense mutationNonsense mutationInsertionDeletionFrameshift mutationMutagenWhat is a gene? Genetics Character Trait True breeding Hybridization,  P generation F1 generation F2 generation Law of segregation,  Punnett square PhenotypeGenotypeTest cross Monohydrid,  Monohybrid crossDihybrid,  Dihybrid crossLaw of independent assortment,  Multiplication rule,  Addition rule,  Complete dominanceIncomplete dominanceCodominanceTay-Sacks disease,  PleiotropyEpistasisQuantitative characters,  Polygenic inheritance,  Norm of reaction,  Multifactoral,  Carrier,  Cystic fibrosis,  Huntington's disease,  Amniocentesis,  Chorionic villus sampling,  Chromosome theory of inheritance,  Wild type,  Sex-linked gene,  X-linked gene,  Duchenne muscular dystrophy,  Hemophilia,  Barr body Genetic recombinationParental typeRecombinant type,  RecombinantCrossing overGenetic mapLinkage map,  Map unit,  Cytogenic map,  NondisjunctionAneuploidyMonosomy (monosomic)Trisomy (trisomic)PolyploidyDeletionDuplication (chromosomal)Inversion (chromosomal)Translocation (chromosomal)Down syndromeGenomic imprinting Recombinant DNABiotechnologyGenetic engineeringPlasmid Restriction enzymeRestriction siteRestriction fragmentSticky endsDNA ligaseCloning vectorGenomic libraryBacterial artifical chromosome (BAC),  Complementary DNAcDNA library,  Nucleic acid hybridizationDNA probe (nucleic acid probe)Expression vectorElectroporation Restriction fragment length polymorphism,  RFLPSouthern blotting Northern blotting,  RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction),  In situ hybridization,  DNA microarray assay,  In vitro mutagenesis,  (Site-directed mutagenesis),  RNA interference (RNAi)Genome-wide association studies,  Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP),  Totipotent,  Stem cell,  Pluripotent,  Gene therapy,  Tramsgenic,  Genetic profile,  Short tandem repeats (STRs),  Ti plasmidGenetically modified organism (GMO)