∞ generated and posted on 2016.08.27 ∞
Non-sex chromosomes as found in eukaryotic organisms.
Autosomes in diploid cells are found in homologous pairs. Generally each of two autosomes in the cells of sexually reproducing species come from different parents, entering into the same cell in the course of fertilization (a.k.a., syngamy) and separating again (more or less) during independent assortment of meiosis.
The human karyotype consists of 44 autosomes arranged into 22 homologous pairs, plus two sex chromosomes.
See also human autosomal dominant conditions and human autosomal recessive conditions.