These are the vocabulary words you are responsible for from Chapters 10, 11, and 12 (larger-font terms only). Note that you will be held responsible, on exams, for the term names when provided with the definitions (definitions are as found in italics on the pages reached by clicking on terms; exams can consist of more than just vocabulary word definitions, e.g., figure-based questions and bonus questions of various sorts are also permissible).

Use for studying for exam number 4.

Archaea,  Peptidoglycan,  Gram stain,  Gram negative,  Capsule,  Fimbriae,  Pili,  Nucleoid,  Plasmid,  Endospore,  Transformation,  Transduction,  Conjugation,  F factor,  F plasmid,  R plasmid,  Obligate aerobe,  Obligate anaerobe,  Anaerobic respiration,  Facultative anaerobe,  Heterocyst,  Extremophile,  Extreme halophile,  Extreme thermophile,  Methanogen,  Decomposer,  Symbiosis,  Host,  Symbiont,  Mutualism,  Commensalism,  Parasitism,  Exotoxin,  Endotoxin,  Bioremediation,  Capsid,  Viral envelope,  Bacteriophage,  Phage,  Host range,  Lytic cycle,  Virulent phage,  Lysogenic cycle,  Temperate phage,  Retrovirus,  Reverse transcriptase,  HIV,  AIDS,  Provirus,  EpidemicPandemic,  Viroid,  Protist,  Mixotroph,  Endosymbiosis,  Secondary endosymbiosis,  Excavata,  Diplomonads,  Parabasalids,  Euglenozoa,  Kinetoplastids,  Euglenids,  Chromalveolata,  Alveolata,  Dinoflagellates,  Apicomplexans,  Ciliates,  Conjugation,  Stramenopiles,  Diatoms,  Golden algae,  Brown algae,  Thallus,  Holdfast,  Stipe,  Blade,  Alternation of generations,  Heteromorphic,  Isomorphic,  Rhizaria,  Amoebas,  Pseudopodia,  Radiolarians,  Foraminiferans,  Forams,  Tests,  Cercozoan,  Archaeplastida,  Red algae,  Green algae,  Unikonta,  Amoebozoans,  Plasmodial slime molds,  Plasmodium,  Cellular slide molds,  Gymnamoebas,  Entamoebas,  Opisthokonts,  Producer,  Behavior,  Behavioral ecology,  Sign stimulus,  Migration,  Signal,  Communication,  Pheromones,  Innate behavior,  Cross-fostering study,  Twin study,  Learning,  Imprinting,  Sensitive period,  Spatial learning,  Cognitive map,  Associative learning,  Cognition,  Problem solving,  Social learning,  Culture,  Foraging,  Optimal foraging model,  Promiscuous,  Monogmamous,  Polygamous,  Mate-choice copying,  Game theory,  Altruism,  Inclusive fitness,  Coefficient of relatedness,  Hamilton's rule,  Kin selection,  Reciprocal altruism,  Sociobiology,  Climate,  Macroclimate,  Microclimate,  AbioticBiotic,  Biome,  Environment,  Terrestrial biome,  Climograph,  Ecotone,  Canopy,  Disturbance,  Aquatic biome,  Photic zone,  Aphotic zone,  Pelagic zone,  Abyssal zone,  Benthic zone,  Benthos,  Detritus,  Thermocline,  Turnover,  Dispersal,  Population ecology,  Density,  Dispersion,  Mark-recapture method,  Immagration,  Emigration,  Territoriality,  Demography,  Life table,  Cohort,  Survivorship curve,  Reproductive table,  Zero population growth,  Life history,  Semelparity,  Iteroparity,  K-selection,  r-selection,  Density independent,  Density dependent,  Population dynamics,  Metapopulation,  Demographic transition,  Age structure,  Ecological footprint,  Community ecology,  Interspecific interactions,  Interspecific competition,  Competitive exclusion,  Resource partitioning,  Character displacement,  Cryptic coloration,  Aposematic coloration,  Basesian mimicry,  Müllerian mimicry,  Herbivory,  Parasitism,  Parasite,  Host,  Endoparasites,  Ectoparasites,  Facilitation,  Species diversity,  Relative abundance,  Shannon diversity,  Invasive species,  Trophic structure,  Energetic hypothesis,  Biomass,  Dynamic stability hypothesis,  Dominant species,  Keystone species,  Ecosystem engineers,  Bottom-up model,  Top-down model,  Disturbance,  Nonequilibrium model,  Intermediate disturbance hypothesis,  Primary succession,  Secondary succession,  Evapotranspiration,  Ecosystem ecology,  Law of conservation of mass,  Primary producers,  Primary consumers,  Tertiary consumers,  Detrivores,  Decomposers,  Detritus,  Primary production,  Gross primary production (GPP),  Net primary production (NPP),  Net ecosystem production,  Limiting nutrient,  Eutrophication,  Secondary production,  Production efficiency,  Trophic efficiency,  Turnover time,  Biochemical cycle,  Bioremediation,  Biological augmentation,  Conservation biology,  Endangered species,  Threatened species,  Biodiversity,  Ecosystem services,  Habitat loss,  Introduced species,  Extinction vortex,  Minimal viable population (MVP),  Effective population size,  Biodiversity hot spot,  Zoned reserve,  Critical load,  Biological magnification,  Greenhouse effect,  Assisted migration,  Sustainable development,  PhylogenyGenusFamilyOrderClassPhylum (phyla) PhyloCode,  Branch point,  Sister taxa,  Rooted,  Basal taxon,  Polytomy,  AnalogyHomoplasies,  Molecular systematics,  Cladistics,  Clade,  Monophyletic,  Paraphyletic,  Polyphyletic,  Shared ancentral character,  Shared derived character,  Outgroup,  Ingroup,  Maximum parsimony,  Maximum likelihood,  Orthologous genes,  Paralogous genes,  Molecular clock,  Neutral theory,  Horizontal gene transfer Phragmoplast,  Sporopollenin,  Cuticle,  Vascular tissue,  Vascular plants,  Bryophytes,  Lycophytes,  Pterophytes,  Seedless vascular plants,  Grade,  Seed,  Gymnosperms,  Liverworts,  Hornworts,  Protonema,  Gametophore,  Foot,  Seta,  Capsule,  Peristome,  Stomata,  Xylem,  Tracheids,  Lignin,  Phloem,  Roots,  Leaves,  Microphylls,  Megaphylls,  Sporophylls,  Sori,  Strobili,  Homosporous,  Heterosporous,  Megaspore,  Microspore,  Integument,  Ovule,  Pollination,  Progymnosperm,  Sepal,  Petal,  Stamen,  Filament,  Anther,  Carpel,  Stigma,  Style,  Ovary,  Embryo sac,  Cross-pollination,  Micropyle,  Double fertilization,  Cotyledons,  Endosperm,  Dicot,  Monocot,  Eudicots,  Basal antiosperms,  Magnoliids,  Yeast,  Chitin,  Septum (Septa)Coenocytic hyphae (fungi),  Haustoria,  Mycorrhizae,  Ectomycorrhizal fungi,  Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi,  Pheromones,  Plasmogamy,  Heterokaryon,  Dikaryon,  KaryogamyMold,  Deuteromycetes,  Opisthokonts,  Nucleariids,  Chytrids,  Zoospores,  Zygomycetes,  Zygosporangium,  Glomeromycetes,  Conidia,  Basidiomycetes,  Basidium,  Basidocarps,  Endophytes,  Lichen,  Soredia,  Mycoses