Prominent members of plant , which are vascular but .

Since ferns are vascular plants, they are relatively adept at conducting water and from the ground up to the higher portions of the plant. This ability is particularly so in comparison with that of such as mosses.

Like mosses, ferns produce neither flowers nor fruit nor pollen. Their primary means of to new locations therefore is airborne, via haploid spores, which are produced by the sporophyte (diploid) plant generation.

The preferred niche of ferns tends to be environments which become quite wet. This preference is in part a consequence of the need for their flagellated to travel through water in order to reach within archegonia found especially on a different plant.

Note that division Pteridophyta also includes the vascular plants known as .