Informal name for very large-, relatively recent but , members of genus Homo.

predated modern and survived until approximately 30,000 years ago.

What follows is what a neanderthal may or may not have looked like:

Note that the Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis genomes are not completely separate but instead it appears that did occur, with approximately 1 to 4 percent of the DNA in non- Homo sapiens consisting of neanderthal DNA. See in particular the .