Defended personal range associated especially with certain kinds of animals.

The existence of territories can give rise to more or less uniform dispersions since the location of specific can be somewhat limited in their overlap. The process within which territories are established is known as territoriality and are defended typically but not necessarily exclusively against conspecifics.

Note that territories in a broader sense are not necessarily limited to animals but instead are more generally a function of processes (e.g., ), i.e., such that one or more other type of organism is excluded from a focus individual's ''.