∞ generated and posted on 2016.01.18 ∞
Carbohydrate found projecting from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
Lipopolysaccharides are the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. They are composed of a hydrophilic polysaccharide moiety, which is to a hydrophobic lipid moiety—Lipid A. LPS from most species consist of three distinct regions: the , a and lipid A. Lipid A, which is the most conserved part of LPS, is responsible for most of the biological activities, such as . Under conditions in which the body is excessively or exposed to LPS (as when small LPS concentrations reach the ), a can occur, leading to multiple effects, such as , , and . and shock are induced in mammals upon of LPS at low concentrations of ~1.00 /.