Often cup-shaped fungal as also associated with and .

An ascocarp is a as produced by an ascomycete. It is in association with ascocarps that asci are found, which in turn produce .

Note that while truffles are found below ground, morels instead are found above ground. These Ascocarps, even as found above ground, technically are not , which instead are basidiocarps, though the term mushroom as more loosely applied can include ascocarps as well.

See also the concept of fleshy fungi as well as macrofungi.